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As a higher educational institution of IV accreditation Odessa National Medical University provides training of doctors at the stages of pre-graduation, graduation and post-graduate training (internships, master’s courses).
Medical faculty was founded in 20th century: on September 1, 1900 in Odessa. Soon it was reorganized into the Medical Academy (1920), and in a couple of years – into the Medical Institute. In 1932 the Odessa Medical Institute divided the Medical faculty into two faculties: Medical and Pediatric. In 1994, the institution honoured the University status and there were established two specialties: “General Medicine” and “Pediatrics”. Now Odessa National Medical University trains specialists in:
The personnel of 62 departments carries out the university’s educational, scientific and medical process. There are 840 teachers – professors, associate professors, senior lecturers, assistants, among them: 2 academicians of NAMS of Ukraine (prof. V. Zaporozhan, prof. A. Lobenko), 4 associate members of NAMS of Ukraine (professors V. Kresyun, M. Aryayev, V. Vitenskyi, K. Kosenko), 5 laureates of the State Prize of Ukraine, 2 laureates of Lenin Komsomol Prize, 21 honoured workers of Science and Technology, 19 honoured doctors, 3 honoured workers of Education, 3 honoured inventors, innovators, 5 members of the Presidium and Expert Councils of the Department of personnel certification and the State Attestation Commission of DES of youth and sport of Ukraine, 47 members of specialized academic councils.
During the years of university’s existence there have been formed well-known scientific and pedagogical schools. They still successfully operate and bring worldwide fame. Now some of the leading scientists of our university are their successors:
Sanitary and hygienic school. Odessa was the first city to establish a bacteriologic station. Specialized departments of municipal hygiene, occupational hygiene, food hygiene and other were established there. World first Department of epidemiology was also established in Odessa.
After finishing the educational and professional program (EPP) of General medical training, the student obtains the qualification of a Specialist and he/she is determined to perform professionally as an internee doctor and a trainee doctor. The training for Specialist’s degree (complete higher medical education) is based on general secondary education or basic secondary medical education.
In 2004 Ukrainian system of Higher Education was changed to Credit-modular system (CMSEPO), which is a model of the educational process, based on combination of modular technologies of education and credit educational units (credits of ECTS).
What does it mean ECTS? It is European Credit Transfer System, a system of interacceptance of credits as a measuring unit of the working intensity of student’s workload. It is based on the work (in terms of credits) that students have done, in order to accumulate credits and have a possibility of interacceptance in other higher education institutions within the single European educational scope.
ECTS credits is a unit of measuring of the work amount that a student has to fulfill while learning educational discipline (discipline module). One ECTS credit makes up 30 classroom hours and contains all types of educational work of the student – in-class learning (lectures, practical training, seminars) and independent work of students (IWS is the preparation for the practical training, writing reports, etc.). For the studying of the particular discipline (module) the student is given a certain number of credits that are counted only in case of successful acquisition of knowledge and practical skills provided by the working program of the discipline.
Module is a recorded, complete and logically combined part of the educational discipline, which is implemented through appropriate forms of educational process (in-classlearning and IWS) and ends with the final checking. The module consists of notional modules.
Thus, Credit-modular system includes:
– learning of subjects which are structured on the basis ofthe module as recordedandlogicallycompleted part of the curriculum of the educational discipline, practice, that are fulfilled by appropriate forms of the educational process and end with the final module checking;
– implementation of ECTS credits as a unit of measuring of student’s workload that is required for discipline learning;
– simultaneous implementation for students’ assessment of absolute assessment scale and assessment scale of ECTS, which is a ranking.
The students training in medical universities of Ukraine in “General Medicine”, “Pediatrics”, “Medical and Preventive Care ” is carried out for 5 years with a specialization on the 6th year according to the single curriculum, typical and working programs in the disciplines.
Training consists of two stages of the doctor’s pregraduation training: preclinical and clinical. The educational process is a subjectintegrated and directed at adherence of logical sequence of disciplines teaching that formappropriate training cycles: humanitarian and social and economic (foreign and Ukrainian languages according to the professional training, philosophy, foundationof economic theories, etc..), natural scientific (fundamental – medical biology, biochemistry, normal and abnormal anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, etc..) and professional ones(therapy, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, ophthalmology, urology, etc.).
In Odessa national medical university (ONMU)students’ training is performed at specialized departments that accomplish training of 1-6 coursesstudents from basic fundamental to professionally oriented disciplines according to the principle of succession. Students study basic medical and social and humanitarian disciplines on the 1st and 2nd courses. In our university students have an opportunity to study in the oldest professional museums in the country: anatomical and pathologicoanatomic, which contains unique drugs that made by many generations of university’s students. The studying of clinical disciplines begins from the 3rd course.
At the university the system of doctors’ training in “General Medicine” provides introduction ofpregraduation preparation mainly of general practitioners who are able to get specialization of the general practitioner– family doctor for the first aid treatment at the postgraduate stage, that is used in countries of Europe, that enables young professionals to be competitive on the European and worldwide labor markets.
Peculiarities of the profession teaching of “Pediatrics” are more profoundteaching of students at specialized departments of propedeutics of pediatrics, pediatrics № 1, neonatology and bioethics, pediatrics № 2, children’s infectious diseases, surgery № 4 with pediatric surgery.
Peculiarities of the profession teaching of “Medical and Preventive Care” are more profoundteaching of students at specialized departments ofcommon hygiene, hygiene and medical ecology, occupational pathology, clinical and laboratory and functional diagnostics, general and clinical epidemiology and biosafety.
According to the curriculum of “General Medicine”, “Pediatrics” and “Medical and Preventive Care” during the academic year all studentsundergo practical training in hospitals that is carried out on the 2ndcourse – aspatients’ care, on the 3rd course – as nursing practice . Professional clinical practical training of students on the 4-6 courses is carried out in accordance with the requirements of educational qualification specification during the studying of clinical and hygienic disciplines and during practical training.
On the graduationdepartments at the university there aredepartment of the internal medicine № 3 with the course of nursing car; department of the occupational internal medicine № 4; department of the occupational diseases, clinical and laboratory and functional diagnostics;department of the infectious diseases; department of the phthisiopulmonology;department of the anesthesiology, intensive care with postgraduate training; the department of thesurgery № 1;department of thesurgery № 4 with the pediatric surgery;the department of theobstetrics and gynecology № 1 and 2;department of thepediatrics № 1, neonatology and bioethics;department of thepediatrics № 2; department of thepediatric infectious diseases;department of thesocial medicine and medical management;department of thehygiene and medical ecology;department of thegeneral and clinical epidemiology and biosafety.
State certification of graduates includes standardized test and practically oriented state exams. Standardized test state exam –licensed integrated exam consists of two exams “Krok 1”, “Krok 2”. “Krok1” is performed after the 3rd course and measures the performance quality of professional components of basic higher education in 9 fundamental disciplines (anatomy, histology, medical biology, physiology, microbiology, biochemistry, pathomorphology, pathological physiology, pharmacology).
Licensed integrated test exam “Krok 2. General medical training”is the component part of state certification of graduates of higher medical educational institutions and measures the performance quality of professional components of complete higher medical education after finishing of the 6th course. At the end of the 6th course the graduate takes practically oriented state exam that is conducted in 2 units: the first unit contains general, occupational and infectious diseases, surgical diseases with pediatric surgery; obstetrics and gynecology, the secondunit contains children diseases with children infectious diseases and hygiene,social medicine, organization and economics of health care maintenance.
After graduation from highereducation institution the graduate take internship training during 1-3 years according to the specialty, after that he takes the certified test of standardized state examination “Krok 3”.
Comparative analysis of medical and pharmaceutical education of Ukraine with the European system was performed in accordance with the order of Ministry of Health of Ukraine from 22.03.2004 № 148 “On actions for implementation of the Bologna Declaration statute in the system of higher medical and pharmaceutical education. On this ground and on the basis offield standards of higher education in Ukraine there was created a curriculum of specialists’ training in “General Medicine”, “Pediatrics”, “Medical and Preventive Care” in higher educational institutions of III-IV accreditation levels of Ukraine for “specialist” educational and qualification level with “doctor” qualification (the order of Ministry of Health of Ukraine from 19.10.2009 № 749 with alterations from 08.07.2010 № 539).
The curriculum is structured in ECTS credits that enablesto recognize the learning achievements of students regardless of training place. Credit includes all types of student’s work which are provided in the approved individual plan: in-class and independent work, practical training, preparation for the state certification, taking of licensed integrated exams “Krok-1” and “Krok-2”, practically oriented state exam.
The curriculum is worked outon the basis of 6 years of education or 360 ECTS credits. One academic year lasts 40 weeks and includes 60 credits (1 week contains 1,5ECTS credits), 1 ECTS credit contains 30 teaching hours. The academic year consists of 1800 teaching hours. Students undertake practical training on 2-5 courses with 21 credits in total, more than 60 credits per year.
The general training workload includes time for lectures, workshops, seminars and laboratory training, consultations, practical trainings, independent and individual work and checking measures.